On day 18 of the trial of Anders Bering Breivik at Oslo District Court, witnesses testified about seeing friends and colleagues murdered before their eyes. They also told extraordinary tales of survival.
Against all odds
Silja Kristianne Uteng (21) described swimming from the island with a group of other young people. She told the court of hearing screams and gunshots, and turning to see Breivik at the water's edge. “Then I heard screams and shots; then everything went quiet.”
Uteng was one of the first survivors to make it to the landside. As she approached, she saw several people in dark clothes; she thought at first that they were accomplices of Breivik, and that she was going to die.
“But then I heard the people on the shore encouraging and cheering the swimmers. Then I felt sure that they would help,” she told the court.
Marius Hoft (18) was at the Utøya summer camp for the first time. He described seeing Breivik dressed as a policeman, shooting downwards towards the ground.
“I couldn't see what he was shooting at. Then he came further down towards us. A girl nearby went to meet him. He shot her twice when she was at close range. She fell to the ground. Then it was quiet.”
He described to the court how he survived by climbing down a cliff face and keeping out of sight of the accused. His best friend, Andreas Dalby Grønnesby, died falling from that same cliff face.
Hoft allowed himself to cry for half a minute. “After that I kept it in. I thought I don't want to cry until I have made it. I'll keep them in until I've been saved, or until I fall or am shot,” he explained.
Marius remained on the cliff for several hours before he was rescued. He told the court that his parents had believed he was dead.
Frida Holm Skoglund (20) asked that Breivik be removed from the courtroom before she would give testimony.
Skoglund described how Breivik had shouted, “Stop, come back!” while she swam from Utøya to the mainland with around 20 other young people. She survived in the water for over an hour despite having been shot in the leg, before being rescued by a rowing boat.
“After a while my thigh really began to hurt; the pain was really intense. I've also got a damaged knee that didn't want to play ball, so I had to swim with one leg. On top of that, I had an asthma attack in the water and went under many times.”
Skoglund gave the courtroom a very clear message: “We won, and he lost,” she told the court. “And young Norwegians can swim.”
The remaining fatalities
Friday was the trial’s 17th day. Coroners went through details from the autopsy reports of the last twelve of the victims of the shootings on Utøya. Five of them died by the Pump House.
Emil Okkenhaug (15) from Levanger was at the Utøya summer camp for the first time. He was the eldest of three children and was about to begin upper secondary school. He had an active interest in politics and wanted to become a journalist. Emil had been shot three times, and died of bullet wounds to the head.
Håvard Vederhus (21) from was leader of Labour Party Youth (AUF) in Oslo. He was described as engaged and impressive, with a passionate concern for people. He had been shot four times, and died of bullet wounds to the head and chest.
Victoria Stenberg (17) had not been to Utøya until then. She was an active handball player, and had just graduated from upper secondary school. She was due to drive to Somarland in Bø, Telemark County, with friends after Utøya. She had been shot three times, and died of bullet wounds to the head and chest.
Sverre Flåte Bjørkavåg (28) worked in the health sector in Sula in the county of Møre og Romsdal and was training as a nurse. He was working on Utøya for the Union of Municipal and General Employees (NUMGE). His body was found on the beach nearby. He had been shot twice, and died from bullet wounds to the head.
Diderik Aamodt Olsen (19) from Nesodden was due to study history at Oslo University. He was described as a lively, caring and intelligent young man. He had been shot once in the head, and died from that wound.
The last victims died at the southern tip of the island.
Tamta Liparteliani (23) from Kutaisi, Georgia, had made the trip to Utøya with a friend. She had studied sociology and was active in a left-wing political group. Her body was found at the water's edge. She had been shot twice, and died of bullet wounds in the back.
Kevin Daae Berland (15) from Askøy went to Ravnanger middle school, Hordaland County. He was an active member of AUF whose ambition was to enter politics and become an MP.
He had taken time off from his summer job to take part in the Utøya camp. Kevin's body was also found at the water's edge. He had been shot at least three times and died of bullet wounds in the head and throat.
Karin Elena Holst (15) from Rana was nine days short of her 16th birthday. She was on Utøya for the first time, and was due to begin at upper secondary school after the summer. Found at the water's edge, she had been shot once in the head, and died from that wound.
Rafal Mohamad Jamil Jamil (20) had arrived in Norway from Iraq in early 2010. She had quickly become an active member of Dalane AUF, and did voluntary work for the Salvation Army. She planned to become a dentist.
Her body was found at the water's edge. She had been shot at least once, and died of bullet wounds to the head and throat.
Andrine Bakkene Espeland from Sarpsborg (16) was deputy leader of Fredrikstad AUF, and was concerned that AUF should be an alcohol-free environment.
She had just completed her first year of upper secondary school and died shortly before her seventeenth birthday. She had been shot three times, and died of bullet wounds to the head and chest.
The last two victims did not die as a result of Breivik’s shootings, but in their attempts to escape the gunman.
Håkon Ødegaard (17) was a member of Trondheim AUF and had been a youth leader for Trondheim’s Byåsen Church. He was studying music at school and spoke of how the best thing about reaching 18 would be getting into the concerts he wanted to go to.
Håkon had fled the island and tried to swim to safety, but drowned in the attempt. Divers found his body near the island’s southern tip.
Andreas Dalby Grønnesby (17) from Hamar was studying craft and design at Hamar Cathedral School. He was also a keen musician and photographer, and had travelled to Utøya for the first time, wanting to make new friendships.
He perished trying to escape, and fell down a rock face into the water. He died of a combination of his injuries and from drowning.
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