UPDATED: The first witness to appear in court was history, politics and religion expert Ole Jørgen Arnfindsen who went through a presentation about Anders Behring Breivik’s perception of reality.
The first witness to appear in court was history, politics and religion expert Ole Jørgen Arnfindsen who went through a presentation about Anders Behring Breivik’s perception of reality.
He told the court he is not an expert about Breivik’s compendium, and would not be defending his ideology.
Arnfindsen discussed the SSB (state number cruncher Statistics Norway) and the criticisms he has for the organisation. He talked about a report that in his opinion does not correctly reflect the development of Norway’s population.
At one point Arnfindsen was interrupted by a judge who asked him to make the information he was providing relevant to the case, and how this affected Breivik.
Arnfindsen told the court that Breivik appears to have lost faith in democracy and that he has a damaged moral compass. He said that Breivik was likely drawn to the utopian idea of purity.
The second witness of the day was former leader of the Norwegian Defence League (NDL), Ronny Alte.
In court he claimed that he stepped down as the leader of the NDL after the events of 22nd July as he did not support what had taken place.
Alte said that the group focuses on Islamisation and that most of the communication with members is done mainly on Facebook.
The former NDL leader told the court that being a member of the organisation means that he received threats from the online world as well as in the real world.
He went on to explain how within the NDL there were those who wanted to be publicly distant from the attacks in July and there were also those that wanted to remain silent.
Alte also claimed there was a very small group of people who were supportive of all of the actions taken by Breivik.
After an hour’s break, the court reconvened with former journalist and leader of the Stop Islamisation Of Norway (SIAN) organisation, Arne Tumyr taking the stand.
Tumyr told the court that Islam was a threat to western society and that Islamisation was coming slowly but surely into Norway.
He claimed that uncontrolled immigration will lead to Norwegians becoming a minority. Like Breivik, he too claimed to have been attacked by Muslims.
Tumyr also expressed that he was upset that his testimony and views were not being broadcast before he left the stand.
Leader of the neo-Nazi group, Vigrid, Tore Tvedt was next to witness. He told the court that his group has no official structure and claims that it is a religious group of like-minded people.
After being questioned by Breivik’s defence counsel, Geir Lippestad, Tvedt said that the group had never used violence as an active means but admitted that they had trained people to fight in case they were attacked.
Tvedt claimed there is a form of war taking place that he sees as being an extension of the Second World War.
He also alleged that the last blond haired person will have died out in Norway by the year by 2200. Tvedt then left the court after the prosecution did not want to ask him any questions.
The final witness of the day was philosopher Einer Øverenget who was called in as an expert witness.
Øverenget told the court it was a huge step to label someone as insane as in a moral and legal sense an insane person cannot be considered responsible for their actions.
He stated that it was important to know whether the person responsible knew that what they were doing was an illegal act and whether they were radical.
Øverenget also told the court that people were capable of doing evil because they believed what they were doing was good.
Moreover, he said that those on Utøya sensed that Breivik was working to a plan and that shows rationality.
Øverenget concluded by saying that defining political extremism as an illness was potentially dangerous.