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Nazi ballerina spy loved Norway to death. A blonde Russian polyglot ballerina is allegedly responsible for Germany’s easy conquest of Norway in World War II. Declassified government papers released by the UK’s National Archives on Thursday show that Russian Nazi spy ballerina Marina Lie infiltrated the British Expeditionary Forces’ headquarters near Tromsø in 1940, passing their battle plans on to the Germans. Lie is described as being "blonde, tall, with a beautiful figure, refined and languid in manner," who became "a highly valued and experienced German agent", and spoke Russian, German, Spanish, French, Norwegian and English.

marina, lie, mi5, national, archives, uk, gerth, van, wijk, general, eduard, dietl, sir, claude, auchinleck, auk, narvik, tromsoe, heinrich, graf, fink, von, finkenstein, mi6, espen, barth, eide,



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Nazi ballerina spy loved Norway to death

Published on Sunday, 29th August, 2010 at 13:15 under the news category, by Michael Sandelson and Ramona Tancau   .
Last Updated on 29th August 2010 at 14:51.

A blonde Russian polyglot ballerina is allegedly responsible for Germany’s easy conquest of Norway in World War II.

KNMS Norge, 1933
KNMS Norge, 1933
Photo: Jane's Fighting Ships (1938)/Wikimedia C


Femme fatale

Declassified government papers released by the UK’s National Archives on Thursday show that Russian Nazi spy ballerina Marina Lie infiltrated the British Expeditionary Forces’ headquarters near Tromsø in 1940, passing their battle plans on to the Germans.

Lie is described as being "blonde, tall, with a beautiful figure, refined and languid in manner," who became "a highly valued and experienced German agent", and spoke Russian, German, Spanish, French, Norwegian and English.

She had married a Norwegian communist prior to becoming a German Secret Service spy and is believed to have personally known Stalin, working both for Russia and Germany.

Heinrich Graf Fink Von Finkenstein
Heinrich Graf Fink Von Finkenstein
German Federal Archive/Wikimedia
MI5 obtained information about Marina Lie’s role in January 1942 from Gerth Van Wijk, a captured German agent who switched to the British side, interned at its 020 camp in Surrey.

Defeated

Van Wijk recounted that Lie handed the plans she’d stolen to commander of the German forces General Eduard Dietl who British General Sir Claude Auchinleck, nicknamed “the Auk”, was attacking under the failed Battle of Narvik in May 1940.

"To know the plans of attack by Auchinleck, the German secret service sent to Auchinleck's headquarters at Tromsø or there in the neighbourhood a woman, Russian by birth, but travelling then under a Swedish passport, beautiful, married or divorced, who was successful to get hold of the details of the plan de campagne of Auchinleck, and then came back,” Van Wijk’s confession read.

General Eduard Dietl
General Eduard Dietl
German Federal Archive/Wikimedia
Details Van Wijk obtained from fellow prisoner Heinrich Graf Fink Von Finkenstein, kidnapped by MI6 at the end of 1940, indicates Dietl was contemplating defeat.

But the plans Dietl received from Lie enabled him to reverse his intentions to withdraw across the Swedish frontier to join the remainder of his troops in internment.

"With these details in hand Dietl was able to rearrange his defence and to defeat Auchinleck," said Van Wijk.

General Auchinlek’s severe defeat caused Neville Chamberlain’s government to fall, allowing Sir Winston Churchill to assume Office.

Liberation

Narvik fell to the Nazis on 09 April, the same day Norway was invaded. The Germans sank two Norwegian heavy cruisers, “Norge” and “Eidsvold”.

The town was strategically-important because half of Germany’s iron ore deposits from mines in Sweden travelled via its port.

General Sir Claude Auchinleck
General Sir Claude Auchinleck
Lt. Palmer/UK Gvt./Wikimedia Commons
Norwegian, British, and French soldiers under Auchinleck’s command attacked on 10 April, but were forced to withdraw.

On 28 May Narvik was liberated by almost 25,000 allied forces after heavy fighting, only to be recaptured by the Germans 11 days later after Norway’s capitulation.

10 Royal Naval ships, comprising one battleship and nine cruisers and destroyers, in the Ofotfjord took part in the assault. The aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal, with its Swordfish and Sea Gladiator planes, was further out assisting the operation.

Norwegian troops entered the town at 18:30.

Commemoration

70 years later to the day Labour’s (Ap) Espen Barth Eide, the Norwegian MOD’s former State Secretary and now War veterans at Narvik commemoration
War veterans at Narvik commemoration
Forsvarets mediesenter/Malin Waaler/HKA
Deputy Minister at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (UD), honoured war veterans who fought under the liberation of Narvik at a ceremony in the town.

“Here, in a small town in the High North, Norwegian and Allied soldiers lit a light. On 28 May 1940 the world was looking to Narvik. Looking to Narvik, because for the first time ever, Adolf Hitler’s soldiers were beaten at the battlefield…We shall not and will not ever forget the sacrifice of the soldiers who gave their lives in the battle against occupation and Nazism and for our freedom and independence,” he said in his speech.

After the end of WWII Marina Lie moved to Spain and adopted the name Maria Noreg.

MI5 allegedly followed her trail for more than three years, but this has never been proved.

Norway was liberated on 08 May 1945.



Published on Sunday, 29th August, 2010 at 13:15 under the news category, by Michael Sandelson and Ramona Tancau   .
Last updated on 29th August 2010 at 14:51.

This post has the following tags: marina, lie, mi5, national, archives, uk, gerth, van, wijk, general, eduard, dietl, sir, claude, auchinleck, auk, narvik, tromsoe, heinrich, graf, fink, von, finkenstein, mi6, espen, barth, eide, .





  
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