Smoking, oral tobacco dangers alike / News / The Foreigner

Smoking, oral tobacco dangers alike. Healthy men who use snus stand the same risk of developing cardiovascular disease as smokers do, a study finds. A large market share is being taken by oral tobacco (known as snus – a moist tobacco powder product) in Scandinavia. This is especially amongst young users. Snus is also known to increase the risk of cancer, according to researchers.

snus, tobacco, smoking, cancer, cardiovascular, disease, paywall



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Smoking, oral tobacco dangers alike

Published on Tuesday, 13th September, 2016 at 14:05 under the news category, by Sarah Bostock and Michael Sandelson   .
Last Updated on 13th September 2016 at 14:29.

Healthy men who use snus stand the same risk of developing cardiovascular disease as smokers do, a study finds.

Snus
“Recommending snus as a safe alternative to tobacco smoking can no longer be regarded as well-founded," say researchers.Snus
Photo: de:Benutzer:Tigerente/Wikimedia Commons


A large market share is being taken by oral tobacco (known as snus – a moist tobacco powder product) in Scandinavia. This is especially amongst young users.

Snus is also known to increase the risk of cancer, according to researchers.

For the study, scientists measured blood vessel function in 1,592 self-reported healthy men from Nord-Trøndelag County. These vessels and their functioning are looked at when assessing the risk of cardiovascular disease.

They found that FMD (flow-mediated dilation) was lower in snuff users than those who didn’t use it.

FMD was used as a measurement regarding endothelial function (the endothelium is a type of thin tissue (called epithelium) lining the inner surface of blood vessels. Aerobic fitness was measured by peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak).

“Oral tobacco is associated with a tendency towards reduced endothelial function, indicating vascular changes that precede cardiovascular disease,” researchers said.  

Endothelial function amongst snus users and smokers was found to be equally poor.

“Recommending snus as a safe alternative to tobacco smoking can no longer be regarded as well-founded. It’s luring young people to become dependent on a substance that can cause serious health problems in the long-term,” Eli-Anne Skaug, researcher at the Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging (ISB), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), told research website gemini.no.

And while the long-term effects of taking snus are still unknown, the habit can be especially harmful to those who are not in good physical shape.

“The strongest associations were found in men with low physical activity or reduced aerobic fitness,” said researchers.

NTNU’s Eli-Anne Skaug, Bjarne Nes, Stian Thoresen Aspenes, and Øyvind Ellingsen are behind the study.

The recently-published results form part of several inquiries conducted in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study in Norway (HUNT3).




Published on Tuesday, 13th September, 2016 at 14:05 under the news category, by Sarah Bostock and Michael Sandelson   .
Last updated on 13th September 2016 at 14:29.

This post has the following tags: snus, tobacco, smoking, cancer, cardiovascular, disease, paywall.





  
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